Born in Santa Monica in 1927, Hill started racing after dropping out of college to become a mechanics helper in Los Angeles. In 1955 he joined Ferraris driver roster at Le Mans, a race he would eventually win three times, and was promoted to a Formula One drive after the deaths of Luigi Musso and Peter Collins in 1958.
Hill took the first of his three Formula One victories in 1960 at Monza. The Italian circuit also saw him crowned champion the following year, but in heartbreaking circumstances, after German team mate Count Wolfgang von Trips was killed during the race.
It was a tragedy from which Hills Formula One career never really recovered and he eventually retired from single-seater racing in 1964, going on to establish a successful car restoration business in his native California.
Paying tribute to Hill, Ferrari's president Luca di Montezemolo commented: "I, as well as all employees of Ferrari are extremely saddened by the news of the passing of Phil Hill, a man and a champion who gave so much to Ferrari and who has always greatly represented the company's values inside and outside the racing track.
“Phil and I have always kept in touch throughout the years and I know I will miss his passion and love for Ferrari very much. My deepest sympathies are with his wife Alma and son Derek in this sad moment."